Survival Manual, FM 21-76 Department of the Army Field Manual

The survival manual created and published by the US Army is one of the most complete survival guides available. From orienteering to food & water gathering to fire-making and edible plant information, this guide was originally created on 25 October, 1957, and much of the contents still apply today.

Why should a casual hiker read a survival manual?

If you’ve ever left your keys in the car, or gotten a flat tire, you know that stuff happens. The same is true on the trail. Whether a day hike, a light backpacking adventure, or thru hiking, the unexpected can happen. Reading a survival manual will help you prepare adequately, and know what to do should the unexpected arise during your outdoor adventure.

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Contents of survival manual FM 21-76

Chapter 1 – Introduction

  • Survival Actions
  • Pattern For Survival

Chapter 2 – Psychology Of Survival

  • A Look At Stress
  • Natural Reactions
  • Preparing Yourself

Chapter 3 – Survival Planning And Survival Kits

  • Importance Of Planning
  • Survival Kits

Chapter 4 – Basic Survival Medicine

  • Requirements For Maintenance Of Health
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Lifesaving Steps
  • Bone And Joint Injury
  • Bites And Stings
  • Wounds
  • Environmental Injuries
  • Herbal Medicines

Chapter 5 – Shelters

  • Shelter Site Selection
  • Types Of Shelters

Chapter 6 – Water Procurement

  • Water Sources
  • Still Construction
  • Water Purification
  • Water Filtration Devices

Chapter 7 – Firecraft

  • Basic Fire Principles
  • Site Selection And Preparation
  • Fire Material Selection
  • How To Build A Fire
  • How To Light A Fire

Chapter 8 – Food Procurement

  • Animals For Food
  • Traps And Snares
  • Killing Devices
  • Fishing Devices
  • Preparation Of Fish And Game For Cooking And Storage

Chapter 9 – Survival Use Of Plants

  • Edibility Of Plants
  • Plants For Medicine

Chapter 10 – Poisonous Plants

  • How Plants Poison
  • All About Plants
  • Rules For Avoiding Poisonous Plants
  • Contact Dermatitis
  • Ingestion Poisoning
  • Dangerous Animals
  • Insects And Arachnids
  • Leeches
  • Bats
  • Poisonous Snakes
  • Dangerous Lizards
  • Dangers In Rivers
  • Dangers In Bays And Estuaries
  • Saltwater Dangers

Chapter 12 – Field-Expedient Weapons, Tools, And Equipment

  • Clubs
  • Edged Weapons
  • Other Expedient Weapons
  • Lashing And Cordage
  • Rucksack Construction
  • Clothing And Insulation
  • Cooking And Eating Utensils

Chapter 13 – Desert Survival

  • Terrain
  • Environmental Factors
  • Need For Water
  • Heat Casualties
  • Precautions
  • Desert Hazards

Chapter 14 – Tropical Survival

  • Tropical Weather
  • Jungle Types
  • Travel Through Jungle Areas
  • Immediate Considerations
  • Water Procurement
  • Food
  • Poisonous Plants

Chapter 15 – Cold Weather Survival

  • Cold Regions And Locations
  • Windchill
  • Basic Principles Of Cold Weather Survival
  • Hygiene
  • Medical Aspects
  • Cold Injuries
  • Shelters
  • Fire
  • Water
  • Food
  • Travel
  • Weather Signs

Chapter 16 – Sea Survival

  • The Open Sea
  • Seashores

Chapter 17 – Expedient Water Crossings

  • Rivers And Streams
  • Rapids
  • Rafts
  • Flotation Devices
  • Other Water Obstacles
  • Obstacles

Chapter 18 – Field-Expedient Direction Finding

  • Using The Sun And Shadows
  • Using The Moon
  • Using The Stars
  • Making Improvised Compasses
  • Other Means Of Determining Direction

Chapter 19 – Signaling Techniques

  • Application
  • Means For Signaling
  • Codes And Signals
  • Aircraft Vectoring Procedures

Chapter 20 – Survival Movement In Hostile Areas

  • Phases Of Planning
  • Execution
  • Return To Friendly Control

Chapter 21 – Camouflage

  • Personal Camouflage
  • Methods Of Stalking

Chapter 22 – Contact With People

  • Contact With Local People
  • The Survivor’s Behavior
  • Changes To Political Allegiance

Chapter 23 – Survival In Man-Made Hazards

  • The Nuclear Environment
  • Biological Environments
  • Chemical Environments

 

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